Author: Gábor Szunyogh
Process contaminants in vegetable oils and foods read more ...
Glycerol-based process contaminants found in palm oil, but also in other vegetable oils, margarines and some processed foods, raise potential health concerns for average consumers of these foods in all young age groups, and for high consumers in all age groups.
EFSA assessed the risks for public health of the substances: glycidyl fatty acid esters (GE), 3-monochloropropanediol (3-MCPD), and 2-monochloropropanediol (2-MCPD) and their fatty acid esters.
The substances form during food processing, in particular, when refining vegetable oils at high temperatures (approx. 200°C).
The highest levels of GE, as well as 3-MCPD and 2-MCPD (including esters) were found in palm oils and palm fats, followed by other oils and fats.
For consumers aged three and above, margarines and ‘pastries and cakes’ were the main sources of exposure to all substances.