Attitude toward the cloning of animals for food in Hungary

 



Diána Bánáti, Zsuzsanna Mészáros, Erzsébet Szabó


1. Summary

There are a number of publications assessing the cloning of humans and animals, but for the time being there are only a limited number of articles investigating the attitude toward the cloning of animals for food or toward the incorporation cloned animals in the food chain.

The goal of our survey was to identify and characterize Hungarian consumer groups on the topic in question, on the basis of a detailed questionnaire. In the course of the statistical evaluation, main component and factor analysis, as well as K-Means cluster analysis were performed. Data measured using the ecological orientation scale (NEP scale [1]) were also included in the cluster formation, assuming that this will be helpful in the interpretation of the attitude toward cloning.

LXIV./3. 30/09/18

Welcome 2018/3

Monday, October 01, 2018

Dear Readers,

 

In connection with the topic of the leading paper of our Fall 2018 issue, I am reminded of the lines of Dezső Kosztolányi: „Profit all of you by his example. This is what man is like, a singular sample. No copy existed before, nor does one at present. As on a living branch each leaf is different so time itself will breed no simulacrum1.” Our leading material is the work of Diána Bánáti and her colleagues. It is about consumers’ attitude towards cloning, a technique much debated from biological, moral and ethical points of view.


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Consumer perception of product recall in the food sector

Monday, October 01, 2018

Authors: Sarolta Barna, Lajos Bognár, Annamária Dorkó, Gyula Kasza

 

1. Summary

The task of risk analysis is to estimate the risks associated with the hazards present in the food chain and to prevent or reduce potential harm with risk management and risk communication. Measures related to the restriction of the marketing of certain products are connected to the latter. In our article, related concepts are reviewed and the most important results of the representative consumer survey of the National Food Chain Safety Office (henceforward: NFCSO) on product recall are presented.


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Food science applications and international trends of artificial neural networks

Monday, October 01, 2018

Authors: Ákos Nyitrai, Attila Gere, László Sipos

 

1. Summary

Recently, research has been focusing increasingly on the system of artificial neural networks, and its results are used in many places by industrial practices. The success of these networks lies in their ability to recognize the complex relationships and patterns in data, as well as to predict unknown samples, thus enabling value and category predictions with high certainty. Artificial neural networks are very efficient tools for modeling non-linear trends within data. In many cases, they perform well where traditional statistical tools provide unsatisfactory results or unable to solve a given research problem. In our work, the operation principle and structure (topology) of artificial neural networks are summarized, as well as the classification and application possibilities of the networks.


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Nutritional analysis of coffee dregs for utilization purposes using classical, ICP-OES and FT-NIR techniques

Monday, October 01, 2018

Authors: Zsóka Kárpáti, Eszter Luca Benes, Marietta Fodor

 

1. Summary

Coffee dregs are a byproduct left behind in significant amounts after brewing coffee. Several researches have dealt with its utilization possibilities and have proven, in certain cases, its positive effect. In our study, the applicability of coffee dregs as a soil improver was investigated. The pH, dry matter and water-soluble total salt content of coffee dregs, produced as the byproduct of coffee beverages prepared by the espresso  ethod were determined. The mineral content of the samples was measured using the ICP-OES technique. The FT-NIR spectra of the samples were recorded and pattern recognition was carried out according to growing site and preparation method (French Press and Espresso) by the chemometric evaluation of the spectral data.


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Review of national standardization 2018/3

Monday, October 01, 2018

Author: Csilla Kurucz

 

Published national standards from June to August, 2018

 

03.100.70 Management systems

MSZ EN ISO 22000:2018 Food safety management systems. Requirements for any organization in the food chain which has withdrawn the MSZ EN ISO 22000:2005

 

ICS 07.100.30 Food microbiology

MSZ ISO 16649-1:2018 Microbiology of the food chain. Horizontal method for the enumeration of beta-glucuronidase-positive Escherichia coli. Part 1: Colony-count technique at 44 degrees C using membranes and 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl beta-D-glucuronide which has withdrawn the MSZ ISO 16649-1:2005

MSZ EN ISO 11133:2014/A1:2018 Microbiology of food, animal feed and water. Preparation, production, storage and performance testing of culture media. Amendment 1 (ISO 11133:2014/Amd 1:2018)

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Domestic panorama 2018/3

Monday, October 01, 2018

Author: Gábor Szunyogh

 

Microplastics in the river Rába


Following the river Tisza, microplastics were also found in the tributaries of the Danube: during the Tiny Plastic Puzzle project, 1.7 and 12.1 microplastic particles per cubic meter were detected by an independent laboratory in the rivers Ipoly and Rába, respectively – this was announced at an environmental conference on June 28. The report of Laboratorium.hu reveals that measurements will also be carried out by the researchers on our biggest river, the Danube, in the fall.

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Outlook 2018/3

Monday, October 01, 2018

EFSA-news:


African swine fever: EFSA assesses measures to prevent spread


EFSA has identified strategies for managing wild boar at different stages of an epidemic of African swine fever (ASF): what should be done before, during and after. Wild boar are known to play an important role in the spread of the disease.

In a scientific opinion published today, EFSA experts investigate the density of the wild boar population in Europe, and assess measures to reduce it and keep infected wild boar away from uninfected ones. They also identify ways to detect the disease early.

Measures such as intensive hunting and not feeding wild boar should be implemented to reduce the risks of outbreaks. When an epidemic is ongoing, activities that may increase the movement of wild boar should be avoided (e.g. intensive drive hunts).

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